Tag: cyber crime against women

Gender and Internet : Web magazine for Cyber law for women News update for February 10-February 16, 2020

picture curtsy : Internet

Women victims of sextortion, fake profiles, non consensual porn in Nepal suffer silently as law and the police fail to nab offenders sitting in different jurisdictions.
https://www.nepalitimes.com/banner/crossborder-cybercrime-and-punishment/

2020 valentines week saw romance scammers victimizing vulnerable older single women, war widows and heart broken widowers in Australia
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8001801/Love-scammers-swindle-MILLIONS-vulnerable-women-pretending-soldiers-widowers.html

Mexican woman violated and virtually abused even aftr hear death when news media portals share images and videos of her unskinned mutilated body over digital platform. Agitated stakeholders blame the ill drafted laws which failed to prevent circulation of objectionable of video of women by web portals.
https://www.headlinesoftoday.com/news/world-news/mexico-in-outrage-as-picture-of-mutilated-body-of-a-murdered-woman-published.html

Man and his female acquaintance arrested for blackmailing businessman in Pakistan for his objectionable private videos that were alleged to have been deceitfully captured by two women from the same gang.
https://www.dawn.com/news/1534111/man-woman-arrested-for-blackmail

Gender and Internet : Web magazine for Cyber law for women News update for January 7th-19th, 2020

Canadian court awards sentence for payment of compensation for reputation damage by woman who allegedly destroyed ex boyfriend’s reputation by posting about the latter on Instagram allegedly describing him as alcoholic cheater and containing sexually transmitted disease.
https://www.sacbee.com/news/nation-world/world/article238980818.html?fbclid=IwAR2c-8sFVYhAgYZTQf5YJXb6Qr01tRMBvnSBWciXO4r58KVqvRKtKd_XKdE

Thousands of women’s images are illegally shared from their Tinder accounts possibly for major online sexual assaults and catphishing.
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/10768285/tinder-pics-stolen-cyber-crime-fake-profiles-catfishing/

Scottish police buys new devices exclusively for data mining for the purpose of crime investigation
https://au.lifestyle.yahoo.com/2020-01-16-scottish-police-device-data-mining-password.html

BTech student from India sends friends request to woman only to collect personal photographs from her social media website and morphed the same for creating nude images. Accused arrested when mother of the victim complained to the police for sharing profiles containing nude images of the victim.
https://www.thehansindia.com/telangana/hyderabad-btech-student-held-for-sharing-morphed-photos-of-women-online-598041

Gender and Internet : Web magazine for Cyber law for women News update for December 1-22nd 2019

Teen boys are discussing about gang rape and fantasizing about raping their own classmates over Whats App chats in Mumbai
https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/mumbai-ib-school-students-whatsapp-chat-horror-1629343-2019-12-18

Teacher is accused of sexting to students: it is unfortunate to note how teacher -student relationships are turning negative in every way
https://www.14news.com/2019/12/18/middle-school-teacher-former-miss-ky-pleads-guilty-sexting-student/?fbclid=IwAR0zN2-yq-xlLXkrfbeFzKdpYY0S-mGKxkDKl6m9HwNub8N7kftsDYe-KVk

There is no respite for women who are victimized due to card fraud as police stations still refuse to accept the concept of Zero FIR and most police stations are ill equipped to handle cyber crime cases.
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bengaluru/it-took-3-days-and-3-police-stations-for-woman-to-file-plaint/articleshow/72420404.cms

Cyber flashing or sending unsolicited pictures of private parts to random recipients, especially women and girls is becoming a matter of concern for law makers and criminal justice machinery in the UK
https://www.thetimes.co.uk/magazine/style/why-the-uk-needs-to-take-cyber-flashing-seriously-73c0r02f9

Philippine woman arrested for offering girls from the age group of 5-15, including her own nieces for online sexual solicitation. She faces arrest on the grounds of violation of Republic Acts No. 9208 (human trafficking), 10175 (cybercrime), and 9775 (child pornography).
https://www.rappler.com/nation/246689-aunt-arrested-offering-nieces-online-sex-south-cotabato

Man faces arrest for pushing and taking pictures of woman co passenger without consent in Kolkata metro station in India.
https://www.telegraphindia.com/states/west-bengal/metro-molester-dragged-to-cops/cid/1724135

Gender and Internet : Web magazine for Cyber law for women News update for October 20th-31st, 2019

WhatsApp sues Israeli firm accusing of hacking phones of activists. Several women, who were already victims of online violence including rape threats, online misogyny etc, are also affected
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/29/whatsapp-sues-israeli-firm-accusing-it-of-hacking-activists-phones

Katie Hill, the U.S. Representative becomes victim of online exploitation and non consensual porn. Hill’s private images with a staffer get leaked infringing her privacy.
https://news.yahoo.com/kamala-harris-defended-representative-katie-143000147.html

Fake dating site which was victimizing men, was found to be engaging women for alluring men for the site. These women were promised high financial rewards if they could allure men and trick them into depositing money to meet women as proposed through fake profiles.
https://www.yovizag.com/vizag-cybercrime-police-fake-dating-website-case/

Woman crew brings law suits against two US pilots for allegedly committed voyeurism in 2017 by placing hidden camera in the lavatory of the flight. The images were streamed in the cockpit
https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/southwest-airlines-pilots-allegedly-hid-camera-in-toilet-then-streamed-video-to-the-cockpit-2123450?fbclid=IwAR2JU5Y50YIxsCJ8ok4cIUR9ZK6K2631nDHkQgApluUQO3OmYoS63trdcCI

Australian law makers follow UK to use Facial Recognition tool to prevent children from accessing porn contents.
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/10/australia-wants-to-use-face-recognition-for-porn-age-verification/?fbclid=IwAR0vXJk_4h3k8a3E01jJ8repCwM0Gd_HaSkvw-8ogHAV0JAg2bIxqMuXCsY

Porn Hub, one of world’s biggest porn sites is being flooded by voyeur, non consensual porn images of women and girls that are captured using hidden cameras. Site users are using keywords such ‘hidden camera’ to access more voyeur and non consensual porn contents
https://jezebel.com/hidden-camera-clips-popped-up-on-pornhub-and-the-proble-1839414523?utm_medium=sharefromsite&fbclid=IwAR1lGgFZDmginVuP9jIwxWOp4RR8NHp_pmKqiCSuX-wUsOPdrwCuSEskuII

Gender and Internet: Web magazine for Cyber law for women News update for September 16-24, 2019

Man in Derbyshire uploads distributes breast pictures of his neighbor who borrowed the computer to upload the pictures for medical purposes. while returning the computer, she forgot to delete them.Accused shared the pictures because he was allegedly irritated by the victim. The court convicted the accused of revenge porn. Held that the pictures were not captured by the accused for sexual purposes, but were distributed for taking revenge. The court, which took note of the victim’s distress condition, ordered the accused is ordered two months prison sentence, 80 hours of unpaid work and restraining order prohibiting him to connect with the victim.
https://www.derbytelegraph.co.uk/news/derby-news/derby-man-sent-revenge-porn-3280054

Pornhub owner earns money from the revenue generated through advertisements, rejects the claim that they allow revenge porn contents on their websites. But the reality is different. Victims state even police can not help in preventing uploading of revenge porn in such websites and detecting the perpetrators. Website liability is questioned.
https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-49583420

India raises alert over need for a new legislation to combat cyber crimes against women as several women , including nuns are defamed via social media.
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kozhikode/cybercrime-womens-panel-calls-for-stricter-punishment/article29434022.ece

Nigerian man arrested in India for duping women, through impostering profiles of wealthy people
https://www.ndtv.com/delhi-news/nigerian-man-in-delhi-posed-as-wealthy-foreigner-cheated-women-jailed-2103379

Gender and Internet: Web magazine for Cyber law for women News update for August 21-31, 2019

Cyber flashing ( sending unsolicited sexually explicit contents through apps and through emails etc to women and and men) is now being considered as an illegal offence under Texas laws.
https://www.wusa9.com/article/news/nation-world/texas-and-bumble-crack-down-on-cyber-flashing/65-fd49bf52-28f2-4d48-8ef7-328df0662eaf

Spanish police arrests man for upskirt photography. He who had been capturing under wears of women commuting in trains by placing spy cam in the backpack and placing the bag on the ground. He uploaded these pictures captured without consent in adult sites and they were watched over million times. A total of 555 women were identifiable in these videos.
https://www.news18.com/news/world/man-arrested-in-spain-for-upskirting-over-500-women-posting-videos-online-2279241.html

Nigerian man who ran a racket for drugging, raping and stealing mobile phones and valuables of women allured through social media, tells the police that he had to do this because he did not have any decent job.
https://www.newtelegraphng.com/2019/08/why-i-lure-ladies-to-hotel-drug-rape-them/

Astronaut alleged to have unauthorisedly accessed back account of her estranged female spouse while on space. Time to rethink about expanding the jurisdiction of internet laws
https://interestingengineering.com/top-nasa-astronaut-accused-of-first-cybercrime-in-space

Two women plead guilty in disseminating, teaching and planning to create mass destructive weapons to create jihad attacks in the US over cyber space
https://saraacarter.com/two-women-from-queens-charged-with-plans-to-make-weapon-of-mass-destruction/

Man gets arrested for extortion for Rs. 12.96 Lakhs, sextortion and impersonation targeting woman in Hyderabad in India
http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/hyderabad/2019/aug/27/chennai-man-held-for-cyber-bullying-2024899.html

Pakistan court rejects bail for woman accused of rape video case who would allure women to be raped by her husband. She is accused of filming the rape scenes and blackmailing the victims with the captured contents.
https://tribune.com.pk/story/2043800/1-court-denies-bail-woman-rape-video-case/

3 ways how Artificial Intelligence may make women land in trouble by Dr.Debarati Halder

Image curtsy : Google

Information communication technology and digital communication technology have opened up new vistas for human relationships. The innovative technology with the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI) can now read minds,[1] predict illness,[2] predict crime occurrence,[3] enhance the professional and social network, and help in better analytical understanding of subjects. But it can also leave devastating impacts on human life. It can alter the data (including personal data), harm social reputation and can even instigate victims to take extreme steps like committing suicide.[4] All these may be done by positive and negative usage   of artificial intelligence which plays the base role for empowering Apps which in turn may be used for positive and negative usages.  Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been used by web companies like Facebook for facial recognition of users earlier. AI has also been used for companies (other than web companies) for processing employee data. In short, AI has been used to access private information of individuals either consensually or without consent. Here are three ways as how AI may create an uncomfortable situation for women specifically in India :

  1. Facial Recognition Apps and harassment of women: Remember the time when Facebook suddenly started asking for nude photos individuals for upgrading their own safety system apparently for providing safety mechanisms for subscribers?[5] This project was intended to build up a safety mechanism against revenge porn with the help of Artificial Intelligence. Facebook wanted to empower their subscribers, especially women to report revenge porn. But before that, the company wanted to ensure that the revenge porn content showcased the image that belonged to the victim specifically. The facial recognition app, the skin texture, hair color, biometric recognition technology would be matching both the images (the nude picture of the victim and the revenge porn content created by the perpetrator) and would be identifying the revenge porn content as illegal. But this project received stern objections because there were more possibilities of misuse of nude photos than positive use of the same. Facebook -Cambridge analytica case did prove that nothing is impossible when it comes to preservation of data by body-corporates and data of individuals is always profitable and the security of the  same is vulnerable. But this may not seem to be as dangerous as misuse of Face App may seem to be . FaceApp is basically used to change the face structure of the person whose photograph would be used in this App. It can change the texture of the skin and density of hair including facial hair.  In July, 2019, FaceApp became the center of concern for Indian cyber security stakeholders especially when several celebrities started using FaceApp and started showcasing their changed faces on Instagram.   While FaceApp was basically being used for fun purposes, it may also throw challenges for data safety and security of person concerned. FaceApp helps to change the structure of faces. But we should not forget that the altered facial image can be saved in devices and cloud of different individuals. This altered image may be used for several illegal activities. Predators may unauthorizedly access the social media profiles and change facial images of the victims to create fake profiles; they may also use such images to create a completely new impersonating profile to harass women. Altered facial images of women may also be used for revenge purposes especially when the victim is looking for opportunities in the entertainment or advertisement sector where her appearance may be considered as her biggest asset. Apart from this, FaceApp may be used to attract bullies and trolls to intensify victimization of women.
  2. Bringing back the memory: No one, but the web companies clearly remember what we posted in last summer. Every day social media companies would show what was posted by the user a year back or a couple of years back and would gently remind the user that he/she can share the said post as a memory. How does it happen? The web companies look for algorithm and the highest likes and comments for posts on daily or even hourly basis. When the posts earn more likes and comments, the AI decides to bring it forth. In certain situations, such refreshing of memories might not be ‘wanted’ at all especially when the victim might had a bitter ending of the relationship with persons in the said image or the text in question may no longer evoke good memories, but rather traumatize the victim more. But machine intelligence does not fail the company: it is a matter of consent and choice after all. But consider if the account is unauthorizedly accessed: the hacker may get to know something from the past which the victim may never wanted the hacker to know.
  3. Reminding the user about best low prices : AI runs over the internet like blood vessels carrying oxygen all over the body. When a user decides to compare prices of any product or services, AI helps to share the same almost always on any platform the user would be visiting. It might be extremely embarrassing for any woman if such searches start showing results when she is surfing the social media or even the search engine with a friend or another individual. Nothing is left by the AI from prices of lipsticks, hotels at cheaper rate, flight details to last watched videos on how to conceive. This might also make women face discrimination, office bullying and harassment due to several reasons.

These are but some of the many ways as how AI may make women to land in trouble. AI is necessarily connected with data privacy protection policies of web companies. The EU General Data Protection Regulation, 2018 provides that personal data may not be processed without the consent of the owner of the data.[6] But in this case, there can be legal tangles as web companies may  claim that they do not breach the data confidentiality or transfer the data to any other jurisdiction, neither they process the data without proper authorization. Here, multiple stakeholders may be involved which may include the original owner of the content or the picture which may have been processed for the purpose of harassment : the perpetrator, who may have carried out changes on the data using the AI supported Apps, perpetrators who may have unauthorizedly  stored the altered contents, picture or information or may have used the altered information, picture for creating impersonating profile etc. As per Indian legal understanding, altering, modifying etc of contents/ information/ image /images without proper authorization of the original owner of the  information etc may attract penal provisions under the Information Technology Act, 2000 (amended in 2008): these provisions may include Ss 43 (Penalty and compensation for damage to computer, computer system etc, ), 66 (computer related offences, 66C (punishment for identity theft) and 66D (punishment by cheating by personation by using computer resource etc. This may also attract penal provisions for Copy Right violation as well. Further, the web companies may be narrowly be liable for protecting data properly under several provisions including S.43A which speaks about body corporates liability to protect data. But irrespective of existing provisions, web companies may always escape the clutches of law due to due diligence clause and on the question of consent expressly or impliedly provided by the woman victim concerned. In the EU, courts are becoming more and more concerned about policy violations by web companies to fool the users. In India too, the courts must throw light on the web companies responsibility as data repository. Regulations like Data protection Bill, 2018 must be considered with utmost care. These may have the key to solve problems of online victimization of women.

Also, women users need to be extremely cautious about machine intelligence. Awareness must be spread about how the hidden ‘safety valves’ of the web companies (which may actually make the web companies more powerful against claims of lack of due diligence) may be used properly.  

Please note: This blog was first published in
https://debaraticyberspace.blogspot.com/2019/09/3-ways-how-artificial-intelligence-may.html Please note: This blog was first published in


[1] For example, see Nosta John (2019) A.I. Can Now Read Your Thoughts—And Turn Them Into Words and Images. Published @ https://fortune.com/2019/05/07/artificial-intelligence-mind-reading-technology/ on May 7, 2019

[2] For example, see PTI (2019), These AI tools can predict early death risk due to chronic diseases

Published @//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/68611835.cms?from=mdr&utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst on March 28, 2019

[3] Dearden Lizzi (2017) How technology is allowing police to predict where and when crime will happen. Published @ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/police-big-data-technology-predict-crime-hotspot-mapping-rusi-report-research-minority-report-a7963706.html?fbclid=IwAR334Z4-1KlkK5Xrt_R6IUaU7K35bANkPLc3RAUhHUeEf-eerZseEJbSofo on October 7, 2017

[4] Halder D., & Jaishankar, K (2016.) Cyber crimes against women in India.

New Delhi: SAGE Publications. ISBN: 9789385985775

[5] See for example Solon Olivia (2017) Facebook asks users for nude photos in project to combat ‘revenge porn’. Published in https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/nov/07/facebook-revenge-porn-nude-photos  on November 7, 2017

[6] For more, see S.7 of the EU GDPR . URL: https://gdpr-info.eu/art-7-gdpr/ Accessed on 17-08-2019

Gender and internet : Cyber law magazine for women News update 1st -20th August, 2019

Israeli Man who harassed underage girls and young women by impersonating as gynecologist, swimming coach etc on internet to groom them only to do sextortion later, tries to escape clutches of law by faking mental illness. Psychological tests prove that he was doing online harassment in a very organised manner. Prosecutors asked the court to put him in custody unless proper legal recourse is decided. https://www.timesofisrael.com/israeli-indicted-for-sexual-abuse-of-45-underage-girls/

Man targets women staff and female HR officials with lewd messages in India, gets arrested http://www.millenniumpost.in/delhi/man-booked-for-sending-obscene-texts-367832

Law fails to deter conman : Man dupes many women on Facebook promising marriage http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/bengaluru/2019/aug/07/man-held-for-cheating-women-on-social-media-2015312.html

Messaging apps being misused to impersonate and send lewd messages to women in India https://www.freepressjournal.in/mumbai/aurangabad-women-approach-police-after-getting-lewd-messages

Dubai police warns beach-goers regarding taking pictures of women without their consent : jail term or hefty fines await law breakers https://www.thenational.ae/uae/government/snap-with-caution-dubai-police-issue-new-warning-to-beachgoers-1.894327

Bitcoin sextortion scamming cases reaches record high https://www.cryptoglobe.com/latest/2019/08/bitcoin-sextortion-scammers-stole-1-2-million-in-bitcoin-last-year/

Female researcher of Makerere University becomes the first person to be convicted under the Computer Misuse Act for offensive communication targeting President Yoweri Museveniof Uganda after she expressed her dissatisfaction when she was acquitted of charges for offensive communication. Apparently, Nyanzi, the researcher has been protesting against abuse of presidential power. https://observer.ug/news/headlines/61520-stella-nyanzi-found-guilty-of-cyber-harassment

Gender and Internet: Cyber law magazine for women news update for May 20- 26th, 2019

Women PUBG players are heavily targeted by sexist bullies and gamers
https://thelogicalindian.com/my-story/women-pubg-players-india/?fbclid=IwAR0yawT9fNvRM5LBXTEKLisEBuwju-MNGshqZDcgBIMBWNCyn_KuB2ygkhU

Cyber sex trafficking victimises several women and girls in South East Asia inlcuding China, Korea etc
https://www.businessinsider.in/thousands-of-north-korean-women-are-being-forced-into-sexual-slavery-in-china-rights-group-says/articleshow/69427275.cms

PORN as key words may attract searchers to hackers in UK
https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/9122972/uk-porn-block-hackers-warning/

Gender and Internet: Web-magazine for cyber law for women news update for cyber crimes and laws for women for May 1-5th, 2019

Woman trying to shame other woman for wearing short dress, gets shamed due to viral video in Gurgaon, India.
https://www.news18.com/news/buzz/video-of-woman-saying-girls-wearing-short-dresses-should-be-raped-sums-up-indias-victim-blaming-culture-2123663.html

Teacher accused of lewd conversation with girl students in Harlem, USA
https://nypost.com/2019/05/02/harlem-teacher-accused-of-lewd-conversations-with-18-students/?fbclid=IwAR3hKc6hO02N0VsYb5KVvvgSBLrTgKMaAMbtb7aHtpbAYSqaRBbVM7EUwK0

Dating on social media platforms turn nightmares for women irrespective of exiting laws in India
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/cyber-stalkers-blackmail-shame-prey-after-social-media-love-sours/articleshow/69192021.cms